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Donghyun Park, Marcus Noland

This book analyzes the current state of the region's service sector, the salient barriers to service sector development, and the prospects for the sector to serve as an engine for inclusive growth. The guiding principle for Asian policy makers must be to create more competitive service markets by breaking down regulatory barriers which protect vested interests.

Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, Christian Martincus Volpe, Juan S. Blyde

The book explores the impact of transport costs on trade in Latin America and the Caribbean, and argues that transport costs have assumed an unprecedented strategic importance to the region. The region can no longer rely solely on trade agreements, proximity, labor costs and an abundant supply of natural resources to give it a competitive advantage in international trade.

Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, Juan S. Blyde, Christian Martincus Volpe, Danielken Molina

This study assesses the role of domestic transport costs ("factory-to-port") in shaping the level and diversification of countries' overall and subnational exports. The subnational dimension is particularly important given that LAC's exports are heavily concentrated in a few municipalities.

Reena B. Gordon, Kati Souminen

This report offers practical recommendations for policymakers, companies, and practitioners on how to reduce each one of these barriers. It also presents three areas that can be leveraged to internationalize SMEs: global value chains, the LAC diaspora in the United States, and e-commerce.

Juan S. Blyde

The internationalization of production processes – the so-called global value chain (GVC) revolution – has opened a new pathway to industrial development. Nations initially join GVCs to become competitive internationally, and then go on to industrialize by intensifying their participation in the networks.

Antoni Estevadeordal, Mauricio Mesquita Moreira

For Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), Asia has gone from an afterthought to a centerpiece of economic relations over the last decade.

World Trade Organization (WTO)

A major obstacle to advancing the understanding of RTAs is the absence of detailed information about their contents. This limits empirical analysis of their economic effects and policy debate between those who view RTAs as discriminatory instruments hostage to protectionist interests and those who see them as conducive to multilateral opening.

Antoni Estevadeordal, Kati Suominen, Jeremy Harris, José Ernesto López-Córdova

Rules of origin are a crucial market access instrument in the rapidly proliferating network of preferential trade agreements (PTAs) around the world.

Tam Robert Nguyen, Antoni Estevadeordal, Brian Frantz

This book is based on a conference entitled "Regional Public Goods and Regional Development Assistance", held in Washington, D.C. on November 6-7, 2002. It examines how the IDB and the ADB support the provision of regional public goods (RPGs) in Latin America and Asia, respectively.

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Regional integration initiatives have long been part of the world economic landscape. In Latin America, integration flourished in the early post-war era but then lost momentum until the 1990s, when there was a new wave of initiatives ranging from free trade areas to customs unions.